Wednesday, May 30, 2018

Appetite regulation

Appetite is the desire to eat food, sometimes due to hunger. Appetite is generally considered the body’s ability to regulate food intake. Decreased desire to eat is termed as anorexia. Appealing foods can stimulate appetite even when hunger is absent.

Regulation of appetite depends primarily on the interaction of two areas: a lateral hypothalamus “feeding center” in the nucleus of the medial forebrain bundle at its junction with the pallid-hypothalamic fibres, and the ventromedial hypothalamus “satiety centre” in the ventromedial nucleus.

The balance between the consumption of calories and the metabolism of calories is controlled by the brain with appetite control regulated by interactions between the digestive tract, adipose tissue and the brain. Early in life brain endocrine disorders such as hormone imbalances leads to appetite dysregulation with overeating.

 Dysregulation of appetite is the primary pathway to obesity. Early identification and treatment of appetite dysregulation can prevent obesity.
Appetite regulation
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